Welcome to Udine, a captivating city located in the heart of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region in northeastern Italy. With its rich history, stunning architecture, and picturesque landscapes, Udine is a true gem waiting to be explored. Whether you’re a history buff, a food lover, or an outdoor enthusiast, this vibrant city has something to offer for everyone. Get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey as we take you on a tour of Udine’s hidden treasures and reveal why it should be at the top of your travel itinerary.
Udine, also known as OO-dee-nay in the United States and [ˈuːdine] in Italian, has a fascinating past that dates back to ancient times. The city was first mentioned in medieval Latin records as Udene in 983 and later as Utinum around the year 1000. The origin of the name Udine remains a mystery, with some speculating it may have pre-Roman origins connected to the Indo-European root *ou̯dh- udder, used figuratively to mean ‘hill.’ The Slovene name Videm is also associated with the city, with the Slovene form Videm considered a hypercorrection of the local Slovene name Vidan.
Udine’s historical significance is evident in its captivating architecture and landmarks. The old residence of the patriarchs of Aquileia, the palazzo Patriarcale, is a remarkable building that was erected in 1517 by Giovanni Fontana, replacing the previous structure destroyed by an earthquake in 1511. This grand palace has witnessed centuries of history and was even used as a prison during the Austrian rule. Another architectural marvel is the Cathedral of Udine, a magnificent edifice that was consecrated in 1335 as Santa Maria Maggiore. With its Baroque interior adorned with works of art by renowned artists such as Tiepolo, Amalteo, and Ludovico Dorigny, the cathedral is a must-visit for art lovers.
Udine’s main square, Piazza della Libertà, is a bustling hub that showcases the city’s charm and splendor. Here, you’ll find the town hall, known as Loggia del Lionello, a beautiful Ven