Welcome to Lucena, officially known as the City of Lucena, a vibrant and highly urbanized city in the Calabarzon region of the Philippines. Nestled in the province of Quezon, Lucena offers a fascinating blend of history, natural beauty, and warm Filipino hospitality. Join us as we explore the charm and attractions of this captivating city and discover why Lucena should be on your travel itinerary.
Lucena is a 1st class city and serves as the capital of Quezon province. Although politically independent, it is geographically situated within the province and is often grouped with it for statistical and geographical purposes. Boasting a population of 278,924 people according to the 2020 census, Lucena is a bustling metropolis with a rich cultural heritage.
Lucena’s history dates back to the 16th century when Spanish explorers arrived in the area. Originally known as Buenavista due to its scenic beauty, the town was later renamed Oroquieta. In response to attacks from Muslim pirates, the locals built forts along the coast, leading to the area being called Cotta. Lucena eventually became a town and the provincial capital of Tayabas in 1901. It was officially named Lucena in 1879, in honor of Spanish friar Father Mariano Granja, who hailed from Lucena, Córdoba in Spain.
During the Philippine Revolution and the Filipino-American War, Lucena played a significant role in the fight for independence. The city witnessed both the triumphs and challenges faced by the local revolutionists and the Allied forces. Today, Lucena stands as a testament to the resilience and patriotism of its people.
Located approximately 130 kilometers south of Manila, Lucena is nestled between the Dumacaa River and Iyam River. These rivers, along with several others, serve as natural drainage for the city. Lucena’s coastal area, along Tayabas Bay, is home to a bustling port that connects the city to various points in the region and the Visayas.
Barangays and Climate:
Lucena is subdivided into 33 barangays, each offering its own unique charm. The city falls under Type III of the Coronas climatic classification system, characterized by no pronounced wet and dry seasons. The wet season typically lasts from June to November, while the dry season is from January to May. The annual mean temperature is 27°C (81°F), with May being the warmest month.
Lucena’s economy thrives on retail, commerce, and industry. The city’s central business district is a bustling hub of various enterprises, attracting both locals and visitors. Lucena features several shopping centers, including SM City Lucena, Pacific Mall Lucena, and SM Savemore Agora, offering a plethora of retail options.
Lucena also houses large factories and warehouses, such as San Miguel Brewery, Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines, and Nestlé Philippines. The city’s industrial sector contributes significantly to the production of agro-industrial-based products, coconut-based products, and automotive assembly.
Places of Interest:
Lucena is a city brimming with exciting attractions. For nature lovers, the Botanical Garden and Orchids Country Farm are a must-visit, offering lush greenery and captivating floral displays. Perez Park and Eco Park provide serene settings for relaxation and recreation.
Religious landmarks in Lucena include the Saint Ferdinand Cathedral, Saint Jude Thaddeus Parish Church, and Carmel of Saint Joseph Monastery. These sites showcase the city’s strong religious heritage and offer a glimpse into its spiritual side.
Lucena is renowned for its vibrant festivals, celebrating the city’s culture and traditions. The Pasayahan sa Lucena is a week-long extravaganza, culminating in the Feast of St. Ferdinand. The festival showcases colorful costumes, symbolic floats, and lively street performances, reminiscent of Mardi Gras.
Another festival that captures the essence of Lucena is the Chami Festival. This culinary event celebrates Lucena’s famous pansit chami, a delicious noodle dish. Locals and visitors can indulge in various chami creations, with contestants showcasing their cooking skills and competing for the title of the most delicious chami.
Lucena: A City of Rich Heritage and Natural Beauty
From its historical significance to its vibrant festivals and stunning natural landscapes, Lucena offers a diverse array of attractions.