Welcome to Horishni Plavni, a purpose-built mining city in central Ukraine. Formerly known as Komsomolsk-na-Dnipri, this vibrant city is situated on the left bank of the Dnieper River, nestled in the Kremenchuk Raion of Poltava Oblast. Horishni Plavni is practically conurbated with the larger neighboring city of Kremenchuk, offering visitors a unique blend of urban and natural attractions. Join us as we explore the fascinating history, industrial heritage, and natural beauty of Horishni Plavni, and discover why this city is a hidden gem waiting to be explored.
Founded in 1960, Horishni Plavni was meticulously planned and constructed as a residential and civic area for the Poltava Mining and Extraction Combinat, the most significant iron ore-mining company in Ukraine, now controlled by Ferrexpo. With 80% of its residents employed by the mining industry, the city is deeply rooted in its industrial identity. As you explore the city, you’ll encounter two enormous open-pit mines and several spoil tips, serving as a constant reminder of the city’s mining heritage.
Although the passenger service was discontinued, Horishni Plavni remains well connected through intercity and suburban bus links. The combinat even operates its own freight river port, further facilitating the transportation of mining goods. Horishni Plavni’s mining industry has contributed to the city’s high rankings in all-Ukraine city metrics, including birth rate and living standards.
In 2015, a bill was signed into law, mandating the removal of communist monuments and the renaming of settlements with names related to Communism. As a result, on May 19, 2016, Komsomolsk was officially renamed as Horishni Plavni, conforming to the law prohibiting names of Communist origin. This change reflects Ukraine’s commitment to its post-Soviet identity and its pursuit of a more democratic future.
Apart from its industrial significance, Horishni Plavni is also known for its local heroes. Oleksandr Karnaukhov, a famous football player, chose to call this city his home. His presence has added to the city’s vibrant sports scene and local pride. In addition, the city was designated as a city of oblast significance until July 18, 2020, when it was merged into Kremenchuk Raion as part of Ukraine’s administrative reform.
As you delve into Horishni Plavni’s urban landscape, take the time to explore its natural surroundings. The city’s proximity to the Dnieper River offers opportunities for tranquil walks along its banks, picnics, and even water sports. Embrace the picturesque landscapes and enjoy the peaceful ambiance away from the bustling city center.
Horishni Plavni may not be the most well-known destination in Ukraine, but its rich history, industrial heritage, and natural beauty make it a compelling place to visit. Whether you’re intrigued by the mining industry, eager to explore post-Soviet transformations, or simply looking to connect with nature, Horishni Plavni has something to offer every type of traveler. Pack your bags, embark on an adventure, and discover the hidden charms of Horishni Plavni today.