Welcome to Bardhaman, a city filled with history, culture, and natural beauty, located in the state of West Bengal, India. Formerly known as Burdwan, this captivating destination offers a glimpse into the rich heritage of the region, with its ancient temples, royal palaces, and vibrant festivals. Let us take you on a journey through the streets of Bardhaman, where every corner tells a story and every experience leaves an indelible mark on your soul.
The history of Bardhaman dates back to the Mesolithic or Late Stone Age, around 5000 BC. The city gets its name from Vardhamāna or Mahāvīra, the 24th Tīrthāṅkara of Jainism, who spent time in Astikagrama, now known as Bardhaman. The city has seen various rulers, from the Mughals to the British, and each era has left its imprint on the city’s architecture and culture.
One of the highlights of Bardhaman is the Bardhaman Raj, the palace of the Maharajas of Burdwan. Founded in 1657, this noble family played a significant role in the history of lower Bengal. The palace is a testament to their grandeur and showcases exquisite paintings and artifacts. Another historical landmark is the Curzon Gate, built in 1902-1903 to commemorate the coronation of Maharaja Bijay Chand Mahatab. It stands as a majestic symbol of Bardhaman’s past.
Religion and spirituality are deeply ingrained in the fabric of Bardhaman. The city is home to numerous temples, including the Sarbamangala temple, dedicated to the presiding deity of the Bardhaman Raj. The Kamalakanta Kalibari, associated with the poet-devotee Sadhak Kamalakanta, and the 108 Shiva temple complex are also must-visit places for spiritual seekers.
Bardhaman’s cultural heritage is reflected in its festivals and traditional arts. The city comes alive during Durga Puja, a grand celebration of the goddess Durga, where intricately crafted idols adorn every corner. The deuls, temples of rekha type, found in Bardhaman showcase the unique Bengali Hindu architecture. The city has also been a nurturing ground for literary and artistic talents, producing renowned figures like Kazi Nazrul Islam, the rebel poet, and U. N. Brahmachari, known for his work on Kala-azar.
No visit to Bardhaman is complete without indulging in the local cuisine. The city is famous for its sweets, particularly Sitabhog and Mihidana, introduced in honor of the Bardhaman Raj family. Shaktigarh’s langcha, a delightful sweet delicacy, is also a must-try.
When it comes to transportation, Bardhaman is well-connected by road and rail. The Grand Trunk Road, also known as National Highway 19, passes through the city. Private buses and the South Bengal State Transport Corporation operate services to and from various destinations. Bardhaman railway station is a major junction on the Howrah-Delhi rail track, making it easily accessible by train.
Nature enthusiasts will find solace in Bardhaman’s parks and gardens. Golap