Welcome to Gohana, a city in the Sonipat district of the Indian state of Haryana. Most tourists flock to nearby Sonipat, but Gohana has its own unique attractions that make it a worthwhile destination for travelers looking to escape the crowds. This charming city has a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes that are sure to leave you enchanted. Let’s take a closer look.
Gohana is located at 29.13°N 76.7°E / 29.13; 76.7. Its topography consists mainly of low plains, but its south-central area has a small plateau. Gohanas 43 km2 (27.95sq mile) land area has an average elevation of 225 metres (738 feet).
Gohana city is situated in the Sonipat district of Haryana. It is the main subdivision with a population of more than 300,000 (as of 2011). It has its own municipality and a constituency for Haryana Vidhan Sabha. There are around 86 Villages in Gohana. It is located in the west of the Sonipat District, 40 km from the town of Sonipat. Earlier, it was part of Rohtak district. Gohana is the oldest tehsil of Haryana. It was declared a tehsil in 1826 by the British, and some structures which show evidence of that time are still standing in the city: the City police station, Government Boys Senior Secondary School, Government Girls Senior Secondary School, and the Jain Senior Secondary School are some examples. Gohana City has its own Courts and Mini Secretariat, situated on Sonipat Road, in the eastern part of the city. Nagar Parishad Gohana is the governing body of the city.
Gohana is famous for its jumbo-sized Maturam Jalebis since the British Era. Each jalebi generally weighs 250 grams and is made from Desi Ghee. In ancient times, Gohana was known as Gavambhavana and was considered a sacred place. Prithviraj Chauhan constructed a fort here, which was later destroyed by Muhammad Ghori after betraying Maharaja Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192. Later, in 1947, all Muslim families left this place and migrated to Pakistan. Being a tehsil city, people from diverse communities reside in the city. As of 2011 India census, Gohana had a population of 121,637. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gohana has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 74.5%: male literacy is 89%, and female literacy is 65%.
Gohana is well connected with major districts and other small towns and villages. There is a national highway NH 71-A that connects Gohana to Rohtak and Panipat – two major districts, and National highway NH 352-A that connects it to district Sonipat and Jind. Trains connect Gohana with Rohtak, Bhiwani and Panipat. New railway line from Jind to Sonipat through Gohana is fully functional since 26 June 2016. City’s railway station which was founded in early 70s is a Junction since 2012.
In terms of politics, the region has its own seat in Vidhan Sabha, and it comes under Sonipat in the Lok Sabha constituency. The politics of Gohana mostly revolves around caste politics. Jagbir Singh Malik has been the three time winning member of Vidhan Sabha from Indian National Congress and their member of Parliament is Ramesh Kaushik from the Bhartiya Janta Party. The current chairperson of Gohana is Rajni Inderjeet Virmani.
Gohana has produced several famous personalities such as Subedar Chhotu Ram Sheoran, Military Cross recipient, Devak Ram Surah Advocate, who participated in Indian freedom movement, and Yogeshwar Dutt, an international wrestler from Bhainswal Kalan, a village near Gohana.
In conclusion, Gohana is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. With its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes, it is the perfect destination for travelers looking for an authentic Indian experience. Whether you’re a history buff, foodie, or nature lover, Gohana has something for everyone. Don’t miss out on this enchanting destination!