Welcome to Esfarayen, the capital city of the Central District of Esfarayen County in the North Khorasan province of Iran. With a population of nearly 60,000 people, Esfarayen is a city rich in both culture and education. Let’s explore what this hidden gem has to offer.
Esfarayen is located in the southern margin of Aladagh mountains along the eastern stretch of Alborz mountain range and is neighbored by Sabzevar city from the south and southeast, with Farooj from the northeast, with Shirvan from the north and with Bojnourd from the west. The city sits at an elevation of 1260 meters above sea level, providing breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.
The majority of the population is Kurdish, with a significant population of Tats and Turkmens. The city is known for its rich ethnic diversity, with Kurmanji-speaking Kurds being the main inhabitants. According to Javadzadeh (2001), the people of Esfarayen are composed of 4 ethnic groups, including the Tatas (Persians), the Turks of Khorasan, the Kurds of Kermanshah, the Hazaras (Barbarians).
Esfarayen is a university city in northeastern Iran, with several universities and higher education centers. The student population has grown significantly in recent years due to the establishment of these universities. Higher education centers in Esfarayen include: Esfarayen University of Technology, Esfarayen Higher Education Complex, Islamic Azad University of Esfarayen, and Esfarayen University of Medical Sciences.
When in Esfarayen, be sure to visit the historical sites and landmarks such as the Esfarayen Castle, which dates back to the 10th century and offers a glimpse into the city’s rich history. The Bazaar of Esfarayen is also a must-visit destination, where you can find traditional crafts and handmade items. Foodies will enjoy trying the local cuisine, which is a mix of Kurdish and Persian flavors. Esfarayen is also famous for its handicrafts, especially its carpets and rugs.
Come and experience the beauty and charm of Esfarayen, a city that is waiting to be discovered.