Welcome to Cerro de Pasco, a city located at the top of the Andean Mountains in central Peru. At an elevation of 4,330 metres (14,210 ft), it is one of the highest cities in the world. Despite its extreme altitude, Cerro de Pasco is an important mining center of silver, copper, zinc and lead. The city has a rich history dating back to 1630 when silver was first discovered there by the Spanish. Today, it is still an active mining center with three major mines in the area, including the Machcan, Atacocha, and Milpo. The mining industry has contributed to the prosperity of the city and attracted foreign investment, including from the United States during the 20th century. In fact, the United States contributed to railroad construction and Andean progressive infrastructure, even as gilded U.S. companies superseded Spain as the dominant resource extractors in Cerro de Pasco. The city’s urban area is formed by the districts of Chaupimarca, Yanacancha and Simón Bolívar. Despite its fascinating history, Cerro de Pasco has faced environmental challenges due to contamination of the environment by lead, cadmium and other heavy metals, leading to a public health crisis. A 2006 law proposing to evacuate all inhabitants and relocate the city has not yet culminated in concrete action. Nonetheless, Cerro de Pasco remains a unique destination for adventurous travelers, offering a glimpse into the history and culture of mining in the Andean Mountains. Visitors can explore the city’s mining industry, historical landmarks, and vibrant local culture. Cerro de Pasco is also a great starting point for outdoor enthusiasts who can experience the breathtaking landscapes of the Andes through activities such as hiking, mountaineering, and skiing. Whether you are a history buff, an outdoor enthusiast, or simply looking for a unique travel experience, Cerro de Pasco has something to offer for everyone.

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