Welcome to Başakşehir, one of the 39 second-level districts in Greater Istanbul, Turkey. With a population of over 300,000, Başakşehir is a bustling and vibrant district located in the European part of Istanbul. From its fascinating history to its beautiful geography and modern architecture, there is no shortage of sights to see and experiences to be had in this unique corner of the world. Let’s take a closer look at what makes Başakşehir such a special destination.
Başakşehir has a rich and storied history that dates back centuries. Formerly known as Azatlık, the area was once a hub for the production of gunpowder for the Ottoman army. Later, a farm was established in its place, which became known as the Resneli farm in honor of Resneli Niyazi, a military officer from Resen, North Macedonia (then part of the Ottoman Empire) who was a hero of the Young Turk Revolution in 1908. In 2009, Başakşehir was declared a district seat, marking its evolution into the thriving urban center it is today.
Başakşehir is located in the European portion (Rumeli) of Istanbul and is surrounded by other second-level districts of Istanbul such as Eyüp, Sultangazi, Esenler, Bağcılar, Küçükçekmece, Avcılar, Esenyurt, and Arnavutköy. The Sazlıdere Dam reservoir is located to the northwest of the district, while the Sea of Marmara lies to the south. The Motorway O.3, also known as the European route E80, starts at Mahmutbey in Başakşehir and runs through the district in a westward direction towards Edirne.
Başakşehir has a relatively cool Mediterranean climate (Csa/Cs) according to both Köppen and Trewartha climate classifications, with cool winters and warm to hot summers. It falls under USDA hardiness zone 9a and AHS heat zone 4.
Başakşehir is home to several notable buildings that are worth visiting. The Atatürk Olympic Stadium, which hosted the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final, is located here. The Başakşehir Fatih Terim Stadium, named after the famous Turkish football manager, is another popular destination for sports enthusiasts.
Whether you’re interested in history, nature, or the modern urban experience, Başakşehir has something to offer everyone. Come and experience the unique sights, sounds, and flavors of this vibrant and dynamic district for yourself!