Adirampattinam, also known as Adirai, is a newly established (Dec 2021) Municipality in the Pattukottai taluk of the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This coastal town is the largest in the district and the fourth largest in Thanjavur. Adirampattinam is an important town which connects Chennai and Thoothukudi via ECR. It has a rich history dating back to the 12th century when Arab traders from Egypt and Yemen landed in the port of Korkai, present-day Kayalpatnam, in the Pandia Kingdom. Adirampattinam was initially known as Sellinagar before being renamed. There is a strong cultural connection between Kayalpatnam, Adirampattinam, and Kilakarai.

Adirampattinam is located on the coast of the Bay of Bengal, close to the equator, which gives it a tropical wet and dry climate. The hottest period is mid-May when temperatures can reach up to 100°F or 37.8°C. The northeast monsoon occurs in October and November, and Adirampattinam usually receives rainfall of 1,200 millimeters or 47 inches per year.

As of the 2011 population census, Adirampattinam has a population of 48,066, with males constituting 47.95% and females 52.04% of the population. Islam is the major religion, with 72.25% of the population being Muslim. Tamil is the official language and is predominantly spoken.

Adirampattinam is well-connected by road and rail to major towns and cities in Tamil Nadu. The Adirampattinam Railway Station is one of the major railway stations in the Tiruchirapalli Zone, and Karaikudi to Tiruvarur passenger trains operate via Adirampattinam Railway Station. The town is situated at a distance of 59 km from the district capital Thanjavur and 356 km south of the state capital Chennai. The major inter-city bus routes from Adirampattinam are to Pattukkottai, Muthupet, Thanjavur, Mannargudi, Nagapattinam, Vedaranyam, Kumbakonam, Peravurani, and Pudukkottai. Long-distance buses also operate from Adirampattinam to Chennai, Tiruchirapalli, Puducherry, Karaikal, Rameshwaram, Thiruchendur, Nagercoil, and Thiruvananthapuram. Omni buses are also available from Adirampattinam to Chennai, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Puducherry, Cuddalore, Chidambaram, Kayalpattinam, Tirunelveli, and Nagercoil.

Adirampattinam is the municipality in Tamil Nadu and the fourth largest town in Thanjavur District and the ninth-largest town in the Delta region of Tamil Nadu, after Thanjavur, Kumbakonam, Nagapattinam, Mannargudi, Mayiladuthurai, Tiruvarur, Pattukkottai, and Sirkazhi. Visit Adirampattinam to experience its rich culture, history, and beautiful landscapes.

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