Seoul, the capital city of South Korea, is a bustling metropolis with a population of 9.9 million people. This city is considered a global city and holds a major influence in global affairs. According to the Global Power City Index and Global Financial Centres Index, Seoul is ranked seventh in the world. Seoul boasts a rich history that stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje. The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city. The Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Changdeok Palace, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine, Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty. More recently, Seoul has been a major site of modern architectural construction, with landmarks such as the N Seoul Tower, the 63 Building, the Lotte World Tower, the Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Lotte World, Trade Tower, COEX, IFC Seoul, and the Parc1. Seoul is also the birthplace of K-pop and the Korean wave, as it is the heart of Korean culture and massive medias, entertainment firms, and broadcasters. With all of these exciting attractions and activities, Seoul is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to South Korea.