Welcome to Uliastai, a remote and historic city nestled in the western part of Mongolia. Surrounded by mountains and located at the convergence of two rivers, Uliastai boasts a rich history as one of the oldest settlements in Mongolia. As the capital of Zavkhan Province, Uliastai offers a unique blend of traditional Mongolian culture and modern amenities. Whether you’re interested in exploring museums, monasteries, or the natural beauty of the region, Uliastai has something for everyone.
Uliastai has a long and storied history as a center of caravan trade in Mongolia. Alongside Khovd, Uliastai is one of the oldest settlements in the country and has played a key role in Mongolian history dating back to the Qing rule of Mongolia. The city was founded as a military garrison in 1733 and was the de facto capital of Outer Mongolia during this period. Traces of Manchu rule can still be seen in Uliastai, including the stone remnants of the governors fortress and torture devices used by the Manchu.
Uliastai is home to several museums showcasing Mongolian culture and history. The Museum of Famous People is dedicated to former residents of Zavkhan aimag and features artifacts from the lives of Mongolian prime ministers, presidents, generals, and Buddhist saints. The History Museum provides a deeper look into the natural and cultural history of the Zavkhan region. For those interested in spirituality, Uliastai is also home to several monasteries including Togs Boyant Javklhant and Ochirpurev Tsogt. Javkhlant Tolgoi is a hilltop pavilion surrounded by statues and offers a panoramic view of the city.
Uliastai has two airports, the old Uliastai Airport and the newer Donoi Airport, which offers regular flights to and from Ulaanbaatar. The city is also accessible by road.
Uliastai experiences a cold semi-arid climate with long, dry, very cold winters and short, warm summers. Visitors should dress appropriately for the weather and check local forecasts before planning outdoor activities.
Whether you’re interested in exploring the history and culture of Mongolia or simply looking for an off-the-beaten-path adventure, Uliastai is a destination worth exploring. Come experience the unique blend of tradition and modern convenience in this charming city.