Barcelona, located on the coast of northeastern Spain, is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage. It is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous community in the country, and the second most populous municipality in Spain. Home to around 4.8 million people, Barcelona is the fifth most populous urban area in the European Union. The city has a lot to offer, from its stunning architecture and world-class museums to its delicious food and wide range of entertainment options. Founded as a Roman city, Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona in the Middle Ages. It joined with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the confederation of the Crown of Aragon, and then became the most important city in the Crown. Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is home to many UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The city is also known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics, world-class conferences and expositions, and many international sport tournaments. Barcelona is a major cultural, economic, and financial centre, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe’s principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, an extensive motorway network, and a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe. Barcelona has something for everyone, and it is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Spain.