Welcome to Kattakurgan, a district-level city located in the Samarqand Region of Uzbekistan. With a population of 90,600 inhabitants, Kattakurgan is a hidden gem that is often overlooked by tourists in favor of its more famous neighbors. However, this charming city boasts a rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and mouthwatering local cuisine that make it a must-visit destination for any traveler.
Kattakurgan gets its name from the Turkic language, which means large town or kurgan.
While Kattakurgan does not appear to be of any great antiquity, it played an important role in the region’s cultural life after Alexander the Great’s ransacking of Marakanda (Samarkand). According to F.F. Pospelov, a fortress was built on the current site by the local saint Sufi Allahyar and his two brothers, Farhat-Atalyk and Allah-Nazar-bii, in 1684, and the town subsequently grew up around it. Modern Kattakurgan (its oldest part is the old city) was founded in the last quarter of the 17th century (1683-1684). It was the seat of a Bek (local Governor) under the rule of the Bukharan Manghit dynasty. In 1868, following the fall of Samarkand to the Russians and the annexation of the Upper Zeravshan Valley from Bukhara, it became the border town between Russian Turkestan and the Bukharan Emirate, and the center of a district. In 1924 both entities were dissolved by the Soviet regime, and Katta-Kurgan was incorporated in the new Uzbek SSR. It is currently the second largest city in Samarkand Region.
The majority population of Kattakurgan is of Uzbek ethnicity. Kattakurgan previously also had a large Russian population, which is no longer the case.
Kattakurgan is a city that is rich in history and culture. Visitors can explore the old city, which is the oldest part of Kattakurgan and was founded in the 17th century. The old city is home to many historic buildings and monuments, including the Katta-Kurgan Fortress, which was built in 1684. Other notable attractions in Kattakurgan include the Kattakurgan Museum of Local Lore, which showcases the city’s history and culture, and the Kattakurgan Bazaar, where visitors can sample local cuisine and purchase souvenirs.
Kattakurgan is located on the road and railway between Bukhara and Samarkand, making it easily accessible by both car and train. The nearest airport is the Samarkand International Airport, which is located approximately 60 kilometers from Kattakurgan.
Kattakurgan offers a range of accommodations to suit every budget, from budget-friendly guesthouses to luxury hotels. Some of the most popular hotels in Kattakurgan include the Kattakurgan Hotel, the Kattakurgan Grand Hotel, and the Kattakurgan Plaza Hotel.
In conclusion, Kattakurgan is a hidden gem that is waiting to be discovered. With its rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and mouthwatering local cuisine, Kattakurgan is a must-visit destination for any traveler. So why not add Kattakurgan to your travel itinerary and experience the magic of this charming city for yourself?